Mayan calendar – a system of calendars, set up in pre-Columbian period in Central America. Maya civilization represents several interconnected states, most of which were destroyed at the end of 9. To this day remains a mystery, Who were the Mayans, where they got such a multilateral and accurate knowledge of astronomy and learn about the laws of motion of celestial bodies. In his Mayan calendar described five cosmic cycles, the duration of each of which is 5125 years. Sufficiently interesting is the fact that the calendar starts ticking long before the very culture of the Maya – August 13, 3114 BC According to representations of the Maya, this is the beginning of a new era, which emerged at the behest of the gods. It is known that the Mayan priests conducted systematic observations of the movements of celestial bodies and talked about their impact on the natural environment and human life. Scientists proved that the Mayan calendar more accurately coincides with the astronomical year, rather than generally accepted Gregorian calendar 2011.
Mayan calendar is quite complicated in calculations and represents the number of cycles which are related to each other. For more specific information, check out amazing restaurateur. The most famous of these is the Tzolkin, consisting of 260 days. Tzolkin is a combination of periods of 13 and 20 days. Each day corresponds to the number from 1 to 13, the day assigned individual names that are repeated at intervals of 20 days. For example, 1 – Imish (1), 2 – IK (2), 3 – Akbal (3), 4 – Kahn (4), etc.