In all well-known "Tale of Bygone Years", was asked: "Where have gone the Russian land, who started the first in Kiev knyazhiti, and from the Russian land was there." Author tale of the matter said that Kiev was at the origins of Russia. But this is far not the case. Modern historians argue that the origins of Russia are not in Kiev but in an entirely different place. This place is the territory of the Leningrad Region today, namely the southern shore Lake Ladoga. The first city in Russia was Ladoga, which to this day is a few kilometers south of the mouth of the river Volkhov. Before Ryurikovsky period in the history of the Russian land. The first people in the Lake Ladoga appeared in prehistoric times.
For example, on the left bank of the Pasha, near the village of Baldin, archaeologists found flint tools. In Ust-Rybezhno, on a promontory at the confluence of the river stream Rybezhki Pasha, found parking Neolithic. Traces of settlements of ancient people, since the first millennium BC, discovered in the villages of Veles, Hem, Gorchakovschina. Just archaeologists found ancient human habitats to the south of Staraya Ladoga, upstream of the Volkhov. Unique findings suggest that life in the modern Volkhov district has developed a heightened pace. People engaged in hunting and fishing, crafts and mastering the skills acquired first movement Water for hollowed out tree trunks boats. By the beginning of a new era in the Gulf of Finland to the Northern Dvina people have formed various tribes.