Brazilian GIP

The economic recovery of some sectors of the economy influences for a positive projection of the Brazilian GIP already in 2009. It also had an increase of the number of families with debts and an addition of 11,4% in the level of insolvency in comparison to 1 trimester of 2008, provoked for the unemployment of December and January. In the city of They are Jose of the Fields – SP, that suffered with the collective unemployment of the Embraer, the index of defaulters the same went up in 34,7% in comparison the period of the last year. Dollar in fall, very rocking. Action in recovery. Retail sector and of teleservios with strong expansion of activities.

International investors are intent the projections of the stock exchange of Brazil, and the new business-oriented chances. Fusing is waited in the economy. Workmanships of Petrobra’s they are the all vapor, recouping the motionless days and the reduction of activities in the previous months provoked by the brake of the crisis. The energy company sufficiently is capitalized and with controlled debts, with projections of good shares and resources of investments guaranteed for the BNDES. Nourishing industries foresee growth of sales in the domestic market for the next months, have projections of act of contract of of the man power. Reduction of the IPI for white line (stove, refrigerator, machine to wash, tanquinho) in 10% assists the industries and the commerce. The fiscal resignation is of R$ 173 million, will invigorate for 3 months. The practical ones applied in the real economy show signals of positive results, adjustments are necessary, but the worse one of the crisis already passed. The point of bigger concern of the Brazilian population and the world in the present time is the unemployment. The interests need to diminish to guarantee the economic recovery and the increase of the job level.

Supreme Court

The Federal Decree n 95,247/87, that it regulates the Law n 7,418, forbids that the employer substitutes the Transportation voucher for anticipation in money or any another form of payment, saved hypothesis of lack or insufficience of transportation voucher supply. But it is important to stand out that, even so art. 5 of the Decree n 95,247/87 determines that the VT does not have to be supplied in money of habitual form, many unions had firmed collective conventions allowing this practical, because any damage to the worker does not even exist. 3. Limitations to the power to tax it Been to play its functions, have necessity of financial resources. is through the collection tax that these resources are gotten. In Brazil, thus, as the previous constitutions, the Federal Constitution of 1988 (CF/88), beyond guaranteeing that the Union, States and Cities have conditions to collect resources through the System National Tributary (art. 145 and following ones), the proper Constitution determined limitations to the power to tax (art.

150 and following ones), for ' ' proteger' ' the contributors of ' ' sede' ' almost insacivel that a country has of resources for the achievement of its activities. For the study of the question tax judged in the REVERSE SPEED n 478.410/SP, two aspects of these limits constitutional becomes more excellent: the beginning of the legality (that it consists of only charging the tributes instituted for law – art. 150, I, of the CF/88); the beginning of the prohibition of use of tribute as I confiscate (that it is based on the conception that the tribute is only charged from a specified allowed fact in law, and does not stop punishing torts – art. 150, IV, of the CF/88). 4. Unconstitutionality of the collection of INSS on the value of the transportation voucher the decision of the majority of the integrant ministers of the Supreme Court was for a reason or purpose accept to the resource, becoming unconstitutional the incidence of INSS in the paid value transportation voucher in money.

Bretton Woods

The monetary regimen of exchange goals can basically then to assume three forms, namely: ) the standard gold-classic, where the currencies presented a fixed value in relation to the gold, and between them a fixed relation interchange. This regimen invigorated between years 1880 and 1914; b) standard gold-dollar or system of Bretton Woods, where the currencies if relate with the dollar, while this age the convertible currency in gold. It invigorated between 1946 and 1971; finally, c) country anchor, where the parity is made in relation to the value of a steady currency, that is, a country with inflation low. Valley to stand out that, in contrast of the two previous standards, the relation enters the currencies is not fixed, and yes flexible, and also it does not have an only standard of conversibilidade, being able, therefore, to adopt a currency more than as anchor, or the substitution of these in opportune times (MODENESI, 2005). EXCHANGE SYSTEMS As we saw previously, the exchange systems vary as its rigidity enter two extremities adopted for the classic theory, fixed exchange the floating exchange. The system of fixed exchange presents a fixed relation enters the tax of exchange effective and determined merchandise or currency. It is established through a governmental decision and the maintenance of the exchange tax is responsibility of the monetary authority.

We will see little ahead that this relation even so fixes, not necessarily hinders periodic readjustments of indeterminate secular degrees (PAULA, 2001). Already the regimen of exchange fluctuation (or perfectly flexible exchange) freely presents a definitive relation for the confrontation enters offers and demand of verge in the exchange market. In the practical one, it would mean an absence of exchange politics, where the proper movement of capitals would instantaneously balance eventual disequilibria of the Rocking of Payments. In the real world these two used exchange systems are little or nothing, but its theoretical conceptions are important for the analysis of the used intermediate exchange systems.

The Solution

It has been argued that part of the problem was caused by big business and shopping centers that squandered energy, but also said that the situation is partly due to excessive consumption of rich people who have swimming pools, wash their cars and have a TV binge in each room. However, accepting the responsibility of drivers of public affairs for the responsibility of providing services of little or no quality to the public. One wonders, but how it is possible that more than 10 years rule and having the amount of resources that have been handled have not been taken related forecasts?.

It really becomes hard to believe that public policy management are not responsible for the situation of obscurantism in the country, and as someone said the biggest problem is that no one is there is no light, is that there is no clarity . No country can grow without energy, development goes hand in hand with an intelligent and well-planned growth of the various resources involved in the expansion that mean an improvement in the quality of life for residents. Give the impression that well-planned development has not been done, so some experts say that the solution will be medium and long term, it is essential not rain (it helps) but there must be efficient to generate energy and providing for their consumption needs over time. Of the 17 electricity companies in Venezuela, only three were private. But it is good to note that these three private companies represented only 15% of the national electricity sector assets, the remaining 85% were public..