Second Industrial Revolution

It has who says that we women are the fragile sex. In my conception this definition of woman does not correspond with the reality. The women are masterpieces of inestimable quality, therefore God when he created them, created its image and in agreement similarity mentioned Biblical verse supplies. as can a being that was created to the image and similarity of God to be fragile? The woman has capacity to manage, to execute, to delegate and to charge the tasks pertinent it. They play the primordial role in the family who is to build the home. If the woman will be fool destroys, and she will be wise builds the home. This implies to say that the success of the family depends on the wisdom of the woman.

Important to emphasize that, the day created to commemorate the day of the woman appeared due to the constant manifestations of the women for better conditions of work. this was proposal at the beginning of century XX in the context of the Second Industrial Revolution, when the incorporation of the feminine man power in mass occurred, in the industry. One of the protests that deserve prominence in history was of 1908 in New York, where 15,000, 00 women had marched for the streets of the city having demanded better conditions in the work as the reduction of the horria load, better wage and the right to the vote. In result of this event, in 28 of February of 1909 the first International Day of the Woman in the United States of America was celebrated. The socialist Clear German Zetkin considered the institution of one day International of the Woman, who was approved in 1910 in 1 International Conference of the women in Copenhaga, directed for the Socialist International. In the following year to the Conference, in day 19 of March the first International Day of the women in Austria, Denmark, Germany and Switzerland was commemorated.

Mineral Water

The fact that the miracle water Iron Mountain knew a long time, currently not in doubt. Detected in the most ancient settlements within the modern city, the ruins of fortifications along the Silk Road on the mountain , the remnants of an old wooden tub, found when clearing source "" – all said to use mineral water for the treatment of local peoples. And when here in 1810, came Dr. fp Haas, water found them a source of dripping in the tub with stones. The first written mention of the sources of lead naturalist, ps Pallas, seconded to the area Pyatigorje in 1793 by the Russian Academy of Sciences. In his report he mention of mineral springs, located between Beshtau and iron. About them he had been told by locals and asserted that "between one hot mineral springs.

In the late xviii and early xix century the area was Pyatigorje densely populated Kabardins, abazintsami and Noghais. And, of course, they knew about the existence of Mineral Waters Mountain Gooch-tau, but reluctantly showed them to researchers. This could see Dr. Haas, who in his first visit in 1809 was not able to find the mysterious mineral springs. And the only direct assistance in the following year Prince Ismail Bey , who personally led Haas through dense forest to the mountain Gooch-tau, which at its southern slope, and were found three sources. "We arrived at the place at half past five – Haas wrote in his book" My Journey to the Aleksandrov water "- and I immediately determined to taste and form small glandular source that crossed our path.

The Newworld

Such thought dialogues in the stretch: But the arrival of the Europeans (over all Portuguese eespanhis) had as consequence, in the first times, what Vellard calls o' ' choque' ' biological of the conquest, that disturbed the daconquista selective way them aboriginal populations, introducing massivamente the embryos vindosdo old world. However, the conquerors had led obtain patrimniosgenticos capable to face this permanent threat that knew well. 7 These unknown illnesses had provoked diverse effect, amongst them can mark as more considerable in the vistademogrfico point, the death of hundreds of indians and for effect a despovoamento daregio. Then, of initial form we can perceive that geographically it had umimpacto considerable, because if the surrounding influence the same men and agemde reciprocal form stops with its half one, with the death of many indians, the ambientefsico will pass for many modifications, because these consumiamdeterminados indians types of foods removed in those territories even populated and it deformed that it took care of to the necessities of those definitive social contexts emque were inserted. Such thought talks with the ticket to follow: The native people of the Americas were exposed, throughcontact with Europeans and Africans, you numerous and multifarious adverseeffects.

Without doubt, the most drastic of these was to transfer you the newworld of hitherto unknown diseases, which manifested themselves in the form ofdevastating epidemics. It was, above all else, epidemic outbreaks that broughtabout the alarming drop in indigenous numbers (90 percent and lives and lives incertain marries) and the virtual depopulation of vast regions (Joralemon1982). 8 We must stand out that the indian did not remain passive aoprocesso of settling and was not great ' ' coitadinho' ' desseencontro, because since the beginning of the settling process, many tribosparticiparam of active form in the dissolution of others and had passed if beneficiarcom elapsing of the process, however, inevitably this meeting had its ladotrgico, because they had existed some vectors of transmission of microorganisms quevo since the animals that was brought in the boats with warlike objective, as the horse, until animals for nourishing ends as quemantm is the case of the pigs some infectious agents in its organisms, but do not reveal talpatologia.

American Tobacco

The fast loss of market, in these countries, is compensated by a daindstria advance of the tobacco in the developed nations less. Had to the daexpectativa increase of life in the countries of the Third World, it is of if foreseeing a enormeincremento of the taxes of incidence of the induced for the tobacco, entreos which cardiac illnesses, pulmonary sufferings the neoplasias. In fact, ' ' the cigarette provokes 26 fatal diseases (11 types of cancer, seisdoenas cardiovascular, five respiratory and four peditricas), the life of who shortens emcinco years consumes 15 cigarettes per day and cause a serious dependnciato how much of herona' '. (OAK, 2001, P. 22) Since 1954, 800 American actions had been judged.

In the year of 1999, however, great asprimeiras victories had started to appear. Between February and daqueleano March, the Philip Morris was condemned to more than pay to 130 million dollar aduas victims of lung cancer. Four months later, together with BritishAmerican Tobacco and the R.J. Reynolds, Philips Morris was considered culpadapor to vender viciante and harmful product to the health. The verdict against the companies was given by a jury of the Flrida and meant amaior defeats already suffered for the manufacturers. For the first time in history, one gave to anticipated prevailing to all the smokers of an only State queporventura had been wronged for the cigarette.

They is esteem that this can cost 500bilhes of dollar to the American industry of the tobacco. The irony is that, although the fury anti-I smoke, the consumption continues to increase. In 1995, for example, 5.1 trillions of cigarettes per year in the world were lit. Currently, the smoke curtain is still more dense. In the year of 2000, 106 decigarros billion had been vendidos legally in Brazil, what faturamentode represented one 6 billion dollar. However, in middle of year 2000 the Project of queproibia Law was approved in Brazil the advertising of the cigarette in all the medias, as well as ascotas of sponsorships of esportivos and cultural events, with exception it PDV.

Columbian America

Sad quandary faces the historian: to study what it is inaccessible. Since he does not have access to the past, the historian the visit by means of some remnants that if esparramaram for the time: written documents, old photographs, maps, periodicals Beyond monuments, musics, elements of the culture, as clothes, parties the historical research does not become immediately, but mediated for documents. All and any documents, however, for more objective than are, do not pass of remnants of the past. It fits to the historian to join parts, looking for to them one meaning. to make this junction of the parts of the breaking head, the historian if bases on a method and on some element theoretical on which it will base its research and its interpretation.

Exactly thus and although this, the result will be always an interpretation and not passed it in itself exactly. Therefore history is not a rescue of the past, but one to look at that it is developed from the gift, with a specific methodology. It will be always an interpretation All the signals of the past, represented by documents, are not important by themselves, but because they represent aspects of some society, inside of a space and in a time definitive. Therefore it is that we speak in history of old Rome, of homrica Greece, Brazil colony, of pre-Columbian America. On the basis of this is that we can speak in history of Rondnia or of the city where we live.

When we speak in history, we are not in relating to the facts or the dates of history books, but to the proper life of the society that produced documents mentioned in the context studied or mentioned in the book. These facts portray some aspects of day-by-day or the social relations of the studied society. History, therefore will be the history of the relations human beings.

New York

The historian Mirian Dolhnikoff 3 describes that this identity is not far from easy to get itself. She would not be easy to accomodate in one same nation so distinct territories, with few bows of integration and the whose elites many contradictory times between itself present demands, are enough to compare the examples of three provinces located in distinct points of Portuguese America: So Paulo, Pernambuco and Rio Grande Do Sul. (DOLHNIKOFF, 2005 P. 24) For Durval the historiogrfico speech this centered in the history of these three areas together with to construct to the history of Brazil its diversities, being each intellectual the responsible one for establishing its differences. This difference is well marcante when we observe the words of Albuquerque that shows the vision of Fernand Braudel when he was in Brazil ' ' for it, the Bahia was an old society, with perfume of Europe, to the step that So Paulo would remember to Chicago and New York ' ' (ALBUQUERQUE, 2009, P.

121). It perceives that the alteridades are constructed and the Northeast starts to gain weight together with the hinterland of identifies what it and distinguishes from excessively is this delay to the modern. She is necessary to understand that this vision of the other always will be the survey of its opposite this affirmation is ratified in the Moral words (2009, P. 92) ' ' In this feeling, one is about an image constructed for a external look, from a foreign sensitivity and of exgenos interests, that attribute to that space judgments and values that legitimize action for transform-lo' '. In romantic literature it is observed ticket of the indianismo for the sertanejismo and this realistic source with its regional subjects commanded the movement in northeast Brazil, having as one of the points highest Great regionalism of Pink Guimares in Sertes: Trails, of 1956.