The historian Mirian Dolhnikoff 3 describes that this identity is not far from easy to get itself. She would not be easy to accomodate in one same nation so distinct territories, with few bows of integration and the whose elites many contradictory times between itself present demands, are enough to compare the examples of three provinces located in distinct points of Portuguese America: So Paulo, Pernambuco and Rio Grande Do Sul. (DOLHNIKOFF, 2005 P. 24) For Durval the historiogrfico speech this centered in the history of these three areas together with to construct to the history of Brazil its diversities, being each intellectual the responsible one for establishing its differences. This difference is well marcante when we observe the words of Albuquerque that shows the vision of Fernand Braudel when he was in Brazil ' ' for it, the Bahia was an old society, with perfume of Europe, to the step that So Paulo would remember to Chicago and New York ' ' (ALBUQUERQUE, 2009, P.
121). It perceives that the alteridades are constructed and the Northeast starts to gain weight together with the hinterland of identifies what it and distinguishes from excessively is this delay to the modern. She is necessary to understand that this vision of the other always will be the survey of its opposite this affirmation is ratified in the Moral words (2009, P. 92) ' ' In this feeling, one is about an image constructed for a external look, from a foreign sensitivity and of exgenos interests, that attribute to that space judgments and values that legitimize action for transform-lo' '. In romantic literature it is observed ticket of the indianismo for the sertanejismo and this realistic source with its regional subjects commanded the movement in northeast Brazil, having as one of the points highest Great regionalism of Pink Guimares in Sertes: Trails, of 1956.